Ramadan in Indonesia

Ramadan in Indonesia. the Islamic month of fasting, is the most awaited Indonesian festival which attracts tourists from all corners of the world. The festival continues for 29 or 30 days, the dates of the 9th month of the Islamic calendar (Hijrah), based on lunar cycles. The last day is Eid ul Fitr (commonly called as Lebaran), which an important and most significant day in the Muslim calendar.Its Arabic meaning is ‘to become holy again’. Indonesia celebrates Ramadan and Eid ul Fitr with great pleasure, colors and glory, which also records the highest tourist count in Indonesia.

Ramadan is the holy month where large number of Muslims offers prayers in Mosque. This month is spent fasting everyday from dawn to dusk. This month is the time to reinforce bond between the faithful individuals and the Almighty. This month was the time when Angel Gibril, revealed Allah’s will to Prophet Mohammed, who then got an inspiration to write the verses on the Holy Quran.

Other definition, Ramadan is a special time for Muslims across the world. Falling in the tenth month of Shawwal, the Islamic calendar, it was at this time of the year when the Angel Gibril revealed to the Prophet Mohammed Allah’s will and so were written the very first verses of the Holy Qur'an. The month of Ramadan is spent fasting from dawn to dusk everyday - it is a time to introspect, reflect and reinforce the bond between the Almighty and the faithful.

During Ramadan, adults who have reached the puberty age are expected to fast. Children, the sick, breastfeeding or pregnant women, travelers, women in periods, mentally ill or those suffering from long-term illness are not expected to fast. Fasting is an obligation and one of the five pillars for a devoted Muslim. They believe that it helps in developing self control as well as enhances spirituality. During the fasts, one should diligent in prayer and charities. They should strictly avoid bad language, lying and getting angry. In day time they must refrain from drinking, eating, smoking and marital relations.

In Indonesia, the group of young people walks around the neighborhoods beating the drums to awaken the faithful, early in the morning for prayer and to have meal before the sunrise. One could also hear the prayer sounding from nearby mosques. The fast ends after sunset, upon the call of prayer from nearby mosque or bedug drum on the television. Fast is broken usually with sweet snacks and drinks. Special food is prepared by various families and groups for this occasion and is eaten in a community fashion. Common prayer at mosques or social gatherings is usually held at 7:30 p.m. The monthly schedule is published in newspaper or other social Medias.

Ramadan culminates in the festival of Eid-ul-Fitr - when the period of restraint ends in an extravagant explosion of joie de vivre, festivities and feasting. The devout gather together to offer Eid prayers and greet each other in a rejuvenated spirit of camaraderie. Eid is a day of thanksgiving, of peace, of remembrance, of charity and of forgiveness, celebrated amidst great jubilation once the delicate silver sliver of the crescent moon has been sighted. The festival of Eid-ul-Fitr forges fraternal and communal love, self-discipline and commitment to Allah.

            Ramadan Dates                         

2011  August 1
2012  July 20
2013  July 9
2014  June 28
2015  June 18
The dates given here may vary as these are based on lunar calendar.


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